1571 – 1610, Italian Painter
Caravaggio was, and still is, an extraordinarily influential artist, a contemporary of Shakespeare (1564 – 1616). He was born in Milan in 1571, moved to Rome in 1592, and died near Naples of malarial fever at the age of 38. He was an artist with a serious criminal record, murder.
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio is known for his tense theatrical compositions. Paintings with biblical subjects which show moments of dramatic revelation, in which severed heads and martyrdom are shown in all its gory details. His compositions have very dramatic lighting, a technique known as chiaroscuro (strong contrast between light and shadow).
Calling of St Matthew, 1599 – 1600 (S. Luigi dei Francesi, Rome)
The conversion of St Paul, 1601 (S. Maria del Popolo, Rome)
The Incredulity of St Thomas, 1601 – 1602 (Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence)